Lean Body Mass Calculator

The Lean Body Mass Calculator computes a person's estimated lean body mass (LBM) based on body weight, height, gender, and age. For comparison purposes, the calculator provides the results of multiple formulas.

Gender  
Age 14 or younger?  
Height
feet   inches
Weight pounds
Height cm
Weight kg

Result

The lean body mass based on different formulas:

FormulaLean Body MassBody Fat
Boer1127.4 lbs (80%)20%
James2129.0 lbs (81%)19%
Hume3120.4 lbs (75%)25%

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Lean body mass (LBM) is a part of body composition that is defined as the difference between total body weight and body fat weight. This means that it counts the mass of all organs except body fat, including bones, muscles, blood, skin, and everything else. While the percentage of LBM is usually not computed, it on average ranges between 60-90% of total body weight. Generally, men have a higher proportion of LBM than women do. The dosages of some anesthetic agents, particularly water-soluble drugs, are routinely based on the LBM. Some medical exams also use the LBM values. For body fitness and routine daily life, people normally care more about body fat percentage than LBM. To compute body fat, consider using our body fat calculator or ideal weight calculator.

Multiple formulas have been developed for calculating estimated LBM (eLBM) and the calculator above provides the results for all of them.


Lean Body Mass Formula for Adults

The Boer Formula:1

For males:
eLBM = 0.407W + 0.267H - 19.2
For females:
eLBM = 0.252W + 0.473H - 48.3

The James Formula:2

For males:
eLBM = 1.1W - 128(
W
H
)2
For females:
eLBM = 1.07W - 148(
W
H
)2

The Hume Formula:3

For males:
eLBM = 0.32810W + 0.33929H - 29.5336
For females:
eLBM = 0.29569W + 0.41813H - 43.2933

Lean Body Mass Formula for Children

The Peters Formula:4

The author suggests that this formula is applicable for children aged 13-14 years old or younger. The formula is used to compute an eLBM based on an estimated extracellular volume (eECV) as follows:

eECV = 0.0215·W0.6469·H0.7236
eLBM = 3.8·eECV

In the formulas above, W is the body weight in kilogram and H is the body height in centimeter.


  1. Boer P. "Estimated lean body mass as an index for normalization of body fluid volumes in man." Am J Physiol 1984; 247: F632-5
  2. James, W. "Research on obesity: a report of the DHSS/MRC group" HM Stationery Office 1976
  3. Hume, R "Prediction of lean body mass from height and weight.". J Clin Pathol. 1966 Jul; 19(4):389-91.
  4. A. M. Peters, H. L. R. Snelling, D. M. Glass, N. J. Bird "Estimation of lean body mass in children". British Journal of Anaesthesia1 06(5): 719-23 (2011).