The Repayment Calculator can be used for loans in which a fixed amount is paid back periodically, such as mortgages, auto loans, student loans, and small business loans. For other repayment options, please use the Loan Calculator instead. Include any upfront fees into the calculator to compute the real rate of interest.
$212.47 Every Month
Repayment is the act of paying back money previously borrowed from a lender, and failure to repay debt can potentially force a person to declare bankruptcy and/or severely affect credit rating. The repayments of consumer loans are usually made in periodic payments that include some principal and interest. There can possibly be fees involved in loans; when doing calculations, all upfront fees entered will be rolled into the loans. Also, in the calculator, there are two repayment schedules to choose from: a fixed loan term or a fixed installment.
Fixed Loan Term
Choose this option to enter a fixed loan term. For instance, the calculator can be used to determine whether a 15-year or 30-year mortgage makes more sense, a common decision most people have to make when purchasing a house. The calculated results will display the monthly installment required to pay off the loan within the specified loan term.
Choose this option to enter a fixed amount to be paid each month until the loan and interest are paid in full. The calculated results will display the loan term required to pay off the loan at this monthly installment. For instance, this may be a set amount of disposable income determined by subtracting expenses from income that can be used to pay back a credit card balance.
In the U.S., most of the consumer loans are set to be repaid monthly. The following are four of the most common loans.
In the U.S., mortgages are required to be repaid monthly using fixed or variable rates, or even switched from one to the other during the life of the loan. For fixed-rate mortgages, the monthly repayment amount is fixed throughout the loan term. Borrowers can choose to pay more (but not less) than the required repayment amount. This calculator does not consider variable rate loans. For more information, use the Mortgage Calculator.
Like mortgage loans, auto loans need to be repaid monthly, usually at fixed interest rates. Borrowers can also choose to pay more (but not less) than the required repayment amount. For more information, use the Auto Loan Calculator.
In the United States, the government offers specialized plans that are geared specifically towards the repayment of federal student loans. Depending on the individual borrower, there are repayment plans that are income-based, plans that extend the term of the loan, or plans specifically for parents or graduate students. Repayment of most federal student loans can be postponed to some point in the future. Federal extended repayment plans can be stretched up to 25 years, but keep in mind that this will result in more interest paid out overall. For more information, use the Student Loan Calculator.
Credit card loans are considered revolving credit. The repayment of credit cards is different from typically structured amortized loans. Whereas the latter requires a set amount to be paid a month, the repayment of revolving credit is more flexible in that the amount can vary, though there is a minimum payment due on each credit card each month that must be met to avoid penalty. For more information, use the Credit Card Calculator.
How to Repay Loans Faster
Most people like the feeling of being debt-free. Listed below are some of the strategies to repay loans faster.
If there is no prepayment penalty involved, any extra money going towards a loan will be used to lower the principal amount due. This will speed up the time in which the principal due finally reaches zero and reduces the amount of interest due because of the smaller principal amount that is owed.
For loans that require monthly repayments, submitting half of the monthly payment every two weeks instead of one monthly payment can speed up the repayment of loans in two ways. Firstly, less total interest will accrue because payments will lower the principal balance more often. Secondly, biweekly payments for a whole year will equal 26 yearly payments because there are 52 weeks in a year. This is equivalent to making 13 monthly payments a year. Before making biweekly payments, make sure there are no prepayment penalties involved.
Loan refinancing involves taking out a new loan, often with more favorable terms, to replace an existing loan. Borrowers can refinance their loans to shorter terms to repay the loans faster and save on interest. However, borrowers normally need to pay refinancing fees upfront. These fees can be very high. Be sure to evaluate the pros and cons before making the refinancing decision.
The strategies above may not be applicable for all loans. Also, it is very important to evaluate whether repaying loans faster is actually wise financially. While making extra payments towards your loans are great, they are not absolutely necessary, and there are opportunity costs that deserve consideration. For instance, an emergency fund can come in handy when incidents like medical emergencies or car accidents happen. Even stocks that perform well during good years are more financially beneficial than extra payments towards a low-interest loan.